STOCKINGS & SLEEVES
Stockings come in few variations depending on the level that compression is needed. Most commonly used are below knee and above knee stocking, but they are also available as pantyhose or pregnancy pantyhose.
Stocking are used to treat various conditions in regards the vascular system in the lower limbs, ranging from varicose veins and deep vein thrombosis to treating lymphedema.
Common conditions that are treated with compression stockings:
- Spider veins
- Varicose veins
- Chronic venous insufficiency
- Deep venous thrombosis
- Inflammation of the veins
- Leg ulcers
Sleeves are usually prescribed to treat oedema due to endocrine conditions in the upper limbs. Sleeves come in many forms: with or without a mitten, below or above elbow.
Common conditions that are treated with compression sleeves:
- Lymphoedema - early stage or prevention
- Post-thrombotic syndrome
- Vascular malformations
Medical compression comes in 4 grades: Class 1 – Class 4. Depending on the condition and the severity thereof, the patient will be prescribed a certain class of medical compression. Class 1 is the lightest compression and is used to treat less serious conditions or to assist with wound healing. Class 2 is the most commonly prescribed compression class and can be used to treat acute and chronic circulatory or endocrine conditions. Class 3 and 4 are used for more serious chronic conditions.
The aim of compression treatment with compression stockings is to “strengthen” the veins, to reduce venous pressure, normalise the function of the vessel wall and improve metabolic exchange in the tissues.